Posts Tagged ‘energy’

Life Wisdom Cover On Sale

Students need to study the program. Disconnect from the digital surroundings and focus on the knowledge. Question the answers. Discover the true way of the world majority by placing distance between the bias of the system and reality.

 

The countries that are perceived as “First World” ie. developed by capitalism, have ballooned out of control. These countries have become a diseased plague, long consuming every natural resource in their path. Multiplying human inhabitants beyond the point of resource equilibrium. Producing, using and discarding non degradable materials to the point that they cover the ground in place of the plants of past.
Want & desire over power reason for the less enlightened. Convinced there is a need to barter for more of the very things that are making the Earth sick. More materials for construction and manufacturing. More businesses, clothing, more food options, more electronic gadgets, technology, more appliances, more energy, shoes, jewelry, more money, more more more….. CRAP.

Enlightened reason concludes that less CRAP and more repurposing, reusing & recycling will reverse the plague. The reality however is that the majority will continue to produce beyond the rate of the enlightened reduce sending the wealthiest to the hidden corners of the earth and beyond. The working class will continue to live in the rat race surrounded by the plagues pollution and cancerous diseases while the elite expand the new civilization in space.

Stop your excessive spending on wasteful products and divert it to help reverse the damage before you no longer have the ability. Educate yourself, grow your own food, harness your energy, collect your water, make your own products and generate your wealth while you still can.

 

Over 20 years of research is finally published and available for purchase in this daily self help, DIY reference book. Please contact me directly (tfrentz@hotmail.com) to purchase so I do not have to give the marke-teers >60% of my revenue! 

 

You can also view more previews at Google Play Store & Google Books – https://play.google.com/books/reader?id=eSasDwAAQBAJ&hl=en&pg=GBS.PP1

 

This book is full of lesser known knowledge, guides, advice and facts surrounding the culture of the United States circa 2020. In this book you will also find my recommendations for some of the latest products and technology that improves our standard of living. The best way I can summarize IT all is to just call the book, LIFE Wisdom.

The following pages share my efforts to organize and shed light on the most useful information in my life. This book categorizes the knowledge based on whether IT involves helping, simplifying, making, stretching, spending, living or sharing something.

The main objectives of this book are:
1. Educate the reader.
2. Connect with sponsors and increase funding for the Helping Hands Network volunteer and emergency cause programs.
3. Connect with global connections to help establish international programs.

Please submit any product or other helpful information you would like to see included in future editions and you will receive future editions for FREE!

At times the line may be blurred between opinion and fact but I do the best I can. My definition of fact refers to a first encounter experience by myself or another credible source. Some of your experiences surrounding certain wisdoms may not hold up to my experiences I share in this book.

Updates after publishing can be followed at [freeHelpingHands.wordpress.com] We look forward to publishing many more editions.

The proceeds from sales go to help fund our programs so if you are given a copy please consider contributing to our cause through paypal id tfrentz@hotmail.com or mailing a check payable to Tim Frentz.

 

 

About the Author

Tim Frentz (T) is an artist, eco activist, gardener, soccer player, business consultant, fitness trainer, author and practitioner of Yoga who recorded his spiritual journey in this new age work “the Helping Hands Spirit” and a comic book series called “the ventures of HELPING HANDS”.

He was reborn in Grand Island, Nebraska USA in 1977. His early autobiography was first published in 2012, seven years after the death of his father whom inspired T to leave home and give himself to causes in urgent need.

T describes how his experiences inspired him to trade in his possessions and hit the road. Several times he was robbed of resources but instead of relying on a flawed legal system to recover his losses, T accepts it as a lesson from his former guru’s.

This early autobiography shares T’s early life in the central United States, his college days at the University of Nebraska, visits to spiritual communities, meetings with various saints, his training of disciple volunteers, T’s building of the Helping Hands Network, his time helping causes in need and his steps to become a new age yogi.

T brings a new age meditation method known as “Creative Meditation” into the light. This is achieved through combining traditional meditational practice with the act of artistic expression and creation. He is known for his wood sculpting and other art which is largely created during a meditative state.

T continues publishing books & comics, teaching yoga & fitness, and speaks widely in the United States. His organization “The Helping Hands Network” is growing daily in the United States and continues to connect causes in need with thousands of resources through http://netvibes.com/HelpingHandsNet

I am a sustainable living consultant and contractor. If you are interested in a project, my initial consult is free and then I provide you a draft contract bid for further services. 


My fee’s are recommended costs but I live on the free will donation market system and my clients usually donate additional goods/services/funds to the causes my Helping Hands Movement sponsors at http://Netvibes.com/HelpingHandsNet

solar-panel

Below are my current encouraged prices as of 2014


CONSULT SERVICES (plus travel costs)

-Complete Sustainable LIVING consult $250 (includes 18 hr over night site visit)

-Multilevel OFF GRID ENERGY system blueprint $100 (includes 12 hr site visit)

-Multilevel FOOD PERMACULTURE system blueprint $100 (includes 12 hr site visit)

-Multilevel EMERGENCY PREP blueprint $100 (includes 12 hr site visit)

-Single application blueprint $50

-Solar production training $50 plus material costs

(includes building of any application such as Panel, water heather, dehydrator etc)

-BioDiesel fuel production training $150 plus material costs

-Wind or Gear Driven Energy production training $50 + materials

(bike, treadmill, magnetic etc)

-Hydrogen production training $100 + materials

(create a gas production unit to power carburetor combustion)

-Gasification Production training $150 + materials

(create a methane gas unit for cooking or to power carburetor combustion)

-Permaculture Training $150

(Must include system blueprint purchase. Includes landscaping layout, pond & chicken coop design)

-Emergency Prep Training $100

(Must include system blueprint purchase. Includes shelter, food, energy & protection design)

turbine_image_1333021036

 

PRODUCTS

-Solar Panels (MonoC not PolyC)

(<$2.70 per watt when buying in small quantity; aprox $1.50 per watt in large quantity ussolardistributing.com or wholesalesolar.com, or $1 per watt make your own w/ purchase of solar production training from http://tinyurl.com/o9ec4fe on ebay)

http://energyinformative.org/best-solar-panel-monocrystalline-polycrystalline-thin-film/

 

-Dual Micro Inverters for panels in shade – $140 per 2 panels (Enecsys or EnPhase?)

http://tinyurl.com/6r63eec

wholesalesolar.com

http://www.enecsys.com/contact/where-to-buy/

http://www.simpleray.com/Solar-Inverters-s/4.htm

 

Dual Micro Inverters

-Power Inverters (Grid Tie In 500w $119 1kw $225) (OFF Grid Battery out 1kw $195)

 

-Charge Controllers (avg $4 per amp)

Mounting Hardware (avg cost $30)

http://tinyurl.com/ozr624b


-Wire and Connectors (MC4 connectors $1/ea. ; 6g $.89/ft ; 8g $.68/ft)

http://www.freesunpower.com/wires_cables.php *typical 60wat 12volt panel = 3.5amp/hr

 

-Solar Water Heating Systems (varies on setup)

 

-Wind Turbine (300w w/ free spinner technology $300) No load controller needed on <500w turbines

*600w max load controller/brake $150

http://tinyurl.com/kpmojjr

 

-Batteries

Trojan (varies on location of availability)

http://www.trojanbattery.com/

MicroHydro Systems (varies on setup)

http://www.homepower.com/articles/microhydro-power/basics/what-microhydro-power

 

-Methane Digester

http://sshomestead.com/forum/index.php?topic=583.0

 

 

USED PRODUCTS available (guaranteed to work near good as new with few hours)

Prices vary upon market availability. Contact me. I provide a product source report for $25 which will be credited back to you with any consult purchase.


LABOR +$45 each additional hr

ENERGY system installation $200 plus misc costs based on system specs

*Most projects will vary upon size and details. An estimated project cost will be included in the draft contract bid.

By Tom Knoblock

1st Published: http://www.prairiefirenewspaper.com/2012/11/leds-are-lighting-up-the-night

St. Isidore parking lot before (top) and after (bottom) LED conversion. (Tom Knoblock)LED-based solid-state lighting (SSL) is opening up new opportunities for improving outdoor lighting with incredible energy savings in applications where lights burn throughout the night. LEDs are a long-term solution for streetlights, parking lots, convenience store canopies, lighted signs and even high-mast highway lighting. LEDs are highly efficient, long lasting, environmentally friendly and, when you combine the controllability of LEDs to compound energy savings via dimming and powering lights off when not needed, LEDs further offer better light quality than HID sources and eliminate light pollution.

It is estimated that there are 131 million street- and area lights in the U.S. and 34.7 million of these are streetlights. The street- and area lights are commonly run at full power for an average of 12 hours per night and consume 178.3 terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity per year. Thus, the approximate kilogram CO2 equivalent output of the nation’s street- and area lights is over 128 million metric tons CO2. It has been estimated that “seven 1,000 MW coal plants and 44.7 TWh/yr could be avoided by completely switching to LED street and area lights. This is 5.8% of all annual lighting electrical consumption.”1

Thanks to breakthroughs in SSL lighting technology, LEDs can provide uniform illumination with clear white light of consistent high quality and brightness and no glare, making our cities feel safe and more attractive while saving up to 90 percent on energy and maintenance costs.

With the vast number of LED manufacturers on the market it is important to choose a reputable company. Some of the things to look for are their certifications—UL Rated, Energy Star Rated, Lighting Facts Rated, Design Lights Consortium Rated. Reputable manufacturers will have spent the time and money to have their LEDs tested for lumen output, life, light color, etc. Also look for warranties of at least five years.

Outdoor lighting generally is mounted at up to 100 feet, requiring expensive equipment and manpower to maintain the lighting. This where LEDs excel with their extreme long life of up to 100,000 hours or 20-plus years when operated at 4,300 hours per year, thereby virtually eliminating the maintenance and replacement required by traditional lighting and reducing waste. LEDs are also mercury free, eliminating the environmental hazards associated with existing technologies.

Instead of replacing good fixtures with new ones, LED retrofit kits are available for easy upgrades of existing fixtures, reducing waste with a shorter payback period.

Global Tech LED has some advanced technologies in their LED retrofit kits:

  • An optic lens system to evenly spread the light;
  • An Energy Saver Program that automatically reduces the wattage by 50 percent after five hours for six hours and then back to 100 percent the last hour for additional savings;
  • Four power setting for custom setting from 100 watts to 30 watts;
  • For their new Mini 21 module, a lumen maintenance regulator circuit that maintains the lumen output for 60,000-plus hours with no light level reduction.

International Light Technologies CanopyLights are designed to retrofit existing light fixtures without disturbing the integrity of the canopy for fast installation without leaks. They recently introduced the CanopyLight-Plus retrofit kit, a 90-watt, 6,500-lumen fixture. With canopy light spacing up to 15 feet, this retrofit kit has the potential to reduce the number of lights in a canopy.

Endnote

1. Inc., N.C., “Energy Savings Estimates of Light Emitting Diodes in Niche Lighting Applications” (Building Technologies Program: Washington, D.C., 2008).

What is My BIGgest Moral Value?

Most would say it is a combination of my dedication to sell my possessions and apply my wealth towards causes in need of life saving help.

 

Some say it is my ability to live free on the road for the past 8 years and counting while giving my time and labor to volunteering and philanthropy organizations.

 

Floating my consciousness above these physical attributes which lie in the realm of RE-ACTING, I am able to examine the deeper issue.

Looking deep into the ROOT of the problems faced by the Causes we help, there is an association with money and it’s use to acquire “things”. These things then eventually create stress or other problems by transforming into a bond of addiction between the thing and our life processes.

 

SO MY BIGgest Moral Value is my dedication to the first step of minimizing the CAUSES of problems in our life which is to STOP acquiring forms of WASTE.

 

If you are able to reuse everything in your life without the help of outside sources you stop addiction; you no longer need to buy “things”; you educate yourself to build/create/repair; and you phase out nearly all need for money.

 

Below will be a growing list of examples as I take time to record them:

– I create and contribute to NO trash. This removes the need for money to pay a trash service. I grow my own food. My food scraps go back into the garden compost. IF I acquire something with a non biodegradable wrapper I use it as packaging material for our donated shipping items.

 

– I harness and use renewable clean energy. IF I am on a grid power source I minimize every use and am aware of my actions and the pollution I am contributing to.

 

– I do all my own labor for building, repairing etc. that are absolutely necessary.

 

– I reuse or trade and barter for any products

http://www.gofundme.com/1w9oxo

The United States of America UNDER Repair!

WHAT IS WRONG with the U.S.A.!

The OCCUPY movement is all about bringing light and awareness to the sleeping ignorant citizens of the country by educating them on the wrongs that the government is doing to them and on their behalf.

Here are a few summaries and links to what is wrong with the USA right now and why I lead the restoration efforts everywhere I travel! Fight now if you want to restore the original Constitution of the United States and retain your freedom and Bill of Rights!

First let’s say WHAT IS RIGHT! The Constitution and the Bill of Rights. It IS THAT simple! I love it and honor and cherish it. Anything that oposes the founding fathers will find difficult obstacles surrounding my friends. Democratic governing provides the people freedoms and rights but what happens when the politicians are forced into corruption? Some give in easier then others while some just dissapear with no trace.

World power and dominance has been achieved beyond reason. Our borders are safe and secure and the people live in comfort but the US has expanded too far and enforces power beyond the reach of peaceful intention.

Here is a list of FACTS that are challenging the worlds respect for the United States of America and its citizens.

Department of Homeland Security
More like the Department of Privacy Invasion! The U.S.A. has invaded lands on foreign continents to prosper off their natural resources. After out growing our countries resources due to irresponsible reproduction and wasteful resource management, we use our media and scare tactics like 911 to influence the votes of our citizens and convince them we NEED TO Invade the privacy of selective citizens because THEY COULD BE A TERRORIST. We are already a world super power and are borders are safe and secluded. Regardless of how many defensive preventions we may have, a terrorist organization is not bombing inside our borders. We should not have military personel in foreign continents beyond the minimum security needed for our peace keeping Embassys and United Nations partners.

On our land we have a system that has become TOO DETAILED. We have over optimized our systems! In the early days we believed in our neighbors and took care of ourselves. Now we have placed too much power in others and we have alienated the peasants from the aristocrats.

http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2010/12/illegal-wiretapping/

http://www.michaelmoore.com/words/fahrenheit-911-facts/faq-about-the-facts-of-fahrenheit-911

WE RIG OUR ELECTIONS!
“With information provided from the Voter News Service, NBC was the first network to project Gore the winner in Florida at 7:48 pm.? At 7:50 pm ,CNN and CBS project Gore the winner in Florida as well.” By 8:02 pm , all five networks and the Associated Press had called Gore the winner in Florida. Even the VNS called Gore the winner at 7:52 pm. At 2:16 am, Fox calls Florida for Bush, NBC follows at 2:16 am. ABC is the last network to call the Florida for Bush, at 2:20 am, while AP and VNS never call Florida for Bush. At 2:16 a.m., the call was made: Fox News Channel, with Bush’s first cousin John Ellis running its election desk, was the first to project Florida — and the presidency — for the Texas governor.
CNN: http://www.cnn.com/2001/ALLPOLITICS/stories/02/02/cnn.report/cnn.pdf

A Fox News consultant, John Ellis, who made judgments about presidential ‘calls’ on Election Night admits he was in touch with George W. Bush and FL Gov. Jeb Bush by telephone several times during the night, but denies breaking any rules.? CNN, November 14, 2000; http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2000/11/14/politics/main249357.shtml.

“The vote total was certified by Florida’s secretary of state, Katherine Harris, head of the Bush campaign in Florida, on behalf of Gov. Jeb Bush, the candidate’s brother.” Mark Zoller Seitz, “Bush Team Conveyed an Air of Legitimacy,” San Diego Union-Tribune, December 16, 2000.

The Florida Department of State awarded a $4 million contract to the Boca Raton-based Database Technologies Inc. (subsidiary of ChoicePoint).? They were tasked with finding improperly registered voters in the state’s database, but mistakes were rampant. “At one point, the list included as felons 8,000 former Texas residents who had been convicted of misdemeanors.” St. Petersburg Times (Florida), December 21, 2003.

Database Technologies, a subsidiary of ChoicePoint, “was responsible for bungling an overhaul of Florida’s voter registration records, with the result that thousands of people, disproportionately black, were disenfranchised in the 2000 election.? Had they been able to vote, they might have swung the state, and thus the presidency, for Al Gore, who lost? in Florida. Oliver Burkeman, Jo Tuckman, “Firm in Florida Election Fiasco Earns Millions from Files on Foreigners,” The Guardian, May 5, 2003 http://www.guardian.co.uk/usa/story/0,12271,949709,00.html. See also, Atlanta-Journal-Constitution, May 28, 2001.

In 1997, Rick Rozar, the late head of the company bought by ChoicePoint, donated $100,000 to the Republican National Committee. Melanie Eversley, “Atlanta-Based Company Says Errors in Felon Purge Not Its Fault,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, May 28, 2001.? Frank Borman of Database Technologies Inc. has donated extensively to New Mexico Republicans, as well as to the Presidential campaign of George W. Bush. Opensecrets.org, “Frank Borman.”

[A] consortium [Tribune Co., owner of the Times; Associated Press; CNN; the New York Times; the Palm Beach Post; the St. Petersburg Times; the Wall Street Journal; and the Washington Post] hired the NORC [National Opinion Research Center, a nonpartisan research organization affiliated with the University of Chicago] to view each untallied ballot and gather information about how it was marked. The media organizations then used computers to sort and tabulate votes, based on varying scenarios that had been raised during the post-election scramble in Florida. Under any standard that tabulated all disputed votes statewide, Mr. Gore erased Mr. Bush’s advantage and emerged with a tiny lead that ranged from 42 to 171 votes.? Donald Lambro, “Recount Provides No Firm Answers,” Washington Times, November 12, 2001.

“Shouting slogans like ‘Hail to the Thief’ and ‘Selected, Not Elected,’ tens of thousands of protesters descended on George W. Bush’s inaugural parade route yesterday to proclaim that he and Vice President Dick Cheney had ‘stolen’ the election while pelting them with eggs and tomatoes.” The parade and walk to the White House was cancelled. Michael Kranish and Sue Kirchhoff, “Thousands Protest ‘Stolen’ Election,” Boston Globe, January 21, 2001.

“Mr. Bush remained in the elementary school for nearly a half an hour after Andy Card whispered in his ear that the nation was under attack.” Michael Kranish, “Bush: US To Hunt Down Attackers,” Boston Globe, September 11, 2001.

WE PLOT and COVER-UP Scare Tactics on our Citizens.

We even accept innocent lives as collateral damage for the greater good of the corrupt!

http://www.wikileaks.ch/w/index.php?search=9%2F11&ns0=1&title=Special%3ASearch&fulltext=Search&fulltext=Search

Government officials were instructed to ignore Terrorism updates by Richard A. Clarke who was the head coordinator of National Security from 1992-2003. Here are some of his comments before resigning.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_A._Clarke

(after requesting a meeting with the Principal cabinet members in the months leading up to 9/11)
MR. CLARKE: I did get a response. The response was that in the Bush administration I should, and my committee, the counterterrorism security group, should report to the deputies committee, which is a sub-cabinet level committee, and not to the principals, and that therefore it was inappropriate for me to be asking for a principals meeting. Instead, there would be a deputies meeting.

MR. ROEMER: So, does this slow the process down to go to the deputies rather than to the principals or a small group, as you had previously done?

MR. CLARKE: It slowed it down enormously, by months. First of all, the deputies committee didn’t meet urgently in January or February. Then, when the deputies committee did meet, it took the issue of al Qaeda as part of a cluster of policy issues, including nuclear proliferation in South Asia, democratization in Pakistan, how to treat the problems, the various problems, including narcotics and other problems in Afghanistan, and, launched on a series of deputies meetings extending over several months to address al Qaeda in the context of all of those interrelated issues. That process probably ended, I think, in July of 2001, so we were readying for a principals meeting in July, but the principals’ calendar was full, and then they went on vacation, many of them, in August, so we couldn’t meet in August, and therefore the principals met in September.

“The Aug. 6, 2001, document, known as the President’s Daily Brief, has been the focus of intense scrutiny because it reported that bin Laden advocated airplane hijackings, that al-Qaida supporters were in the United States and that the group was planning attacks here.” Clarke J. Scott, “Clarke Gave Warning on Sept. 4, 2001; Testimony Includes Apology to Families of Sept. 11 Victims, Associated Press, March 25, 2004.

“There is ample documentation demonstrating that the Reagan and Bush administrations supplied critical military technologies that were put directly to use in the construction of the Iraqi war machine. There is also strong evidence indicating that the executive branch’s failure to crack down on illegal weapons traffickers or keep track of third party transfers of U.S. weaponry allowed a substantial flow of U.S.-origin military equipment and military components to make their way to Iraq.” William D. Hartung, Weapons at War; A World Policy Institute Issue Brief, May 1995. See also, Alan Friedman, Spider’s Web: The Secret History of How the White House Illegally Armed Iraq, (Bantam Books, 1993); Kenneth R. Timmerman, The Death Lobby: How the West Armed Iraq, (Houghton, Mifflin, 1991).

“The 27 classified pages of a congressional report about Sept. 11 depict a Saudi government that not only provided significant money and aid to the suicide hijackers but also allowed potentially hundreds of millions of dollars to flow to Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups through suspect charities and other fronts, according to sources familiar with the document. One U.S. official who has read the classified section said it describes ‘very direct, very specific links’ between Saudi officials, two of the San Diego-based hijackers and other potential co-conspirators ‘that cannot be passed off as rogue, isolated or coincidental.’” Of all the hijackers, 15 of the 19 were Saudi. Josh Meyer, “Report Links Saudi Government to 9/11 Hijackers, Sources Say,” Los Angeles Times, August 2, 2003.

WE AIDED the Deportation of the hired Terrorists! (aiding the debate that the corrupt politicians were calling the shots)

“Now, what I recall is that I asked for flight manifests of everyone on board and all of those names need to be directly and individually vetted by the FBI before they were allowed to leave the country. And I also wanted the FBI to sign off even on the concept of Saudis being allowed to leave the country. And as I recall, all of that was done. It is true that members of the Bin Laden family were among those who left. We knew that at the time. I can’t say much more in open session, but it was a conscious decision with complete review at the highest levels of the State Department and the FBI and the White House.” Testimony of Richard Clarke, Former Counter terrorism Chief, National Security Council, before The Senate Judiciary Committee, September 3, 2003.

“I was making or coordinating a lot of decisions on 9/11 and the days immediately after. And I would love to be able to tell you who did it, who brought this proposal to me, but I don’t know. Since you pressed me, the two possibilities that are most likely are either the Department of State, or the White House Chief of Staff’s Office. But I don’t know.” Testimony of Richard A. Clarke before the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, March 24, 2004.

After the airspace reopened, six chartered flights with 142 people,mostly Saudi Arabian nationals, departed from the United States between September 14 and 24. One flight, the so-called Bin Ladin flight, departed the United States on September 20 with 26 passengers, most of them relatives of Usama Bin Ladin. National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, Threats and Responses in 2001, Staff Statement No. 10, The Saudi Flights, p. 12; http://www.9-11commission.gov/hearings/hearing10/staff_statement_10.pdf

It should be noted that the US Customs and Border Protection document released by the Department of Homeland Security under the FOIA, Feb 24, 2004 lists 162 Saudi Nationals who flew out of the country between 9/11/2001 and 9/15/2001, departing from New York’s Kennedy airport, Washington’s Dulles, and Dallas Fort Worth. http://www.judicialwatch.org/archive/2004/homelandsecurity.pdf.

The U.S. shows Racist / Religious persecution against Muslims and others
“In the days, weeks and months following the tragic events of September 11, 2001, hundreds of American immigrants were rounded up and detained, often under harsh or abusive conditions, in the name of keeping America safe. Not because of evidence (or even sound hunches) that they were involved in the terrorist attacks that brutally ended the lives of more than 3,100 people. Not because they were found to have ties to – or even knowledge of – terrorist groups who might threaten American security in the future. Instead, hundreds of immigrants were arbitrarily snared in this dragnet, marked for arrest and thrown (literally, at times) in jail. The exact number is unknown, because the government refuses to release that information. They had one thing in common: Almost all were Arab or South Asian men, and almost all were Muslim… Once arrested, many immigrants were labeled “of interest” to the September 11 investigation and thrown into legal limbo – detained for weeks or months in connection with a criminal investigation, but denied the due process rights that they would have been entitled to had they actually been charged with crimes.” ACLU, “America’s Disappeared: Seeking International Justice for Immigrants Detained after September 11,” January 2004.

In 1972, two airmen were suspended for failing to take their medical examination. One was George W. Bush and the other was James R. Bath. James R. Bath was the Texas money manager for the Bin Laden family and they invested in BUSH.

“According to a 1976 trust agreement, drawn shortly after [George H. W.] Bush was appointed director of the Central Intelligence Agency, Saudi Sheik Salem M. Binladen appointed Bath as his business representative in Houston. Binladen, along with his brothers, owns Binladen Brothers Construction, one of the largest construction companies in the Middle East.”? Jerry Urban, “Feds Investigate Entrepreneur Allegedly Tied to Saudis,” Houston Chronicle, June 4, 1992.

Mr. Bath invested in Mr. Bush’s first major business venture, Arbusto Energy, in the late 1970’s after Mr. Bath began working for Salem bin Laden. Jim Rutenberg, “A Film to Polarize Along Party Lines,” New York Times, May 17, 2004.

Bath’s business relationship with Salem bin Laden, and other wealthy Saudi businessmen, has been well documented.? See, e.g., Mike Ward, “Bin Laden Relatives Have Ties to Texas,” Austin American-Statesman, November 9, 2001; Jerry Urban, “Feds Investigate Entrepreneur Allegedly Tied to Saudis,” Houston Chronicle, June 4, 1992; Thomas Petzinger Jr., et al., “Family Ties: How Oil Firm Linked to a Son of Bush Won Bahrain Drilling Pact,” The Wall Street Journal, December 6, 1991.

“[E]arly 1980s tax records reviewed by TIME show that Bath invested $50,000 in Bush’s energy ventures and remained a stockholder until Bush sold his company to Harken in 1986.” Jonathan Beaty, “A Mysterious Mover of Money and Planes,” Time Magazine, October 28, 1991

Bush was investigated by the S.E.C.? The James Baker law partner who helped Bush beat the rap from the SEC was a man by the name of Robert Jordon, who, when George W. became president was appointed ambassador to Saudi Arabia.?

“A week before George W. Bush’s 1990 sale of stock in Harken Energy Co., the firm’s outside lawyers cautioned Bush and other directors against selling shares if they had significant negative information about the company’s prospects.? The sale came a few months before Harken reported significant losses, leading to an investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission.? The June 15, 1990, letter from the Haynes and Boone law firm wasn’t sent to the SEC by Bush’s attorney Robert W. Jordan until Aug. 22, 1991, according to a letter by Jordan.? That was one day after SEC staff members investigating the stock sale concluded there was insufficient evidence to recommend an enforcement action against Bush for insider trading.” Peter Behr, “Bush Sold Stock After Lawyers’ Warning,” Washington Post, November 1, 2002.?

Congress did not read the Patriot Act before voting on it.
“The morning [of October 12], the House voted 337-79 to pass the bill.? The outraged dissenters complained that no one could possibly have had the time to read the enormously complex 342-page law that amended fifteen different federal statutes and that had only been printed out hours before.” Steven Brill, After; How America Confronted the September 12 Era, (Simon & Schuster, NY: 2003).

On March 19th, 2003, George W. Bush and the United States military invaded Iraq, which had never attacked or threatened to attack the United States.? A nation that had never murdered a single American citizen.”

“Iraq never threatened the US, let alone Australia. The basic consideration was and remains the perception of America’s wider strategic interest in the Middle East.” Richard Woolcott, “Thread bare Basis To The Homespun Yarn That Led Us Into Iraq,” Sydney Morning Herald, November 26, 2003—(Woolcott was Australia’s Secretary of the Department of Foreign Affairs And Trade during the first Gulf War.)

For definition of murder of civilians (as opposed to combatants), see Article 3 of the Geneva Convention . (“For persons taking no active part in the hostilities, the following acts are and shall remain prohibited at any time (a) Violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds.”)

The Bush administration announced that it would roll-back ‘modest’ increases of benefits to troops. The Army Times noted, “the administration announced that on Oct. 1 it wants to roll back recent modest increases in monthly imminent-danger from $225 to $150 (a cut of 33%) and family-separation allowances from $250 to $100 (a cut of 60%) for troops getting shot at in combat zones.”
http://www.armytimes.com/story.php?f=1-292259-1989240.php?

“Thanks to a law passed this year, troops in Iraq, Afghanistan and other high-risk areas now receive $225 a month in supplemental pay. That’s an increase of $75 from the previous amount for combat pay. Under that same law, soldiers who have been forced to leave behind spouses and children receive $250 a month in additional separation pay to help cover child care and other additional expenses caused by assignment overseas. That’s an increase of $150 over the previous supplement. … In its 2004 budget request, the Pentagon asked Congress to cut both combat pay and separation pay back to the previous levels.”
“Our Opinions: Proposal to Reduce Pay No Way to Salute Military,” Atlanta Journal Constitution, August 15, 2003.

“Only four of the 535 members of Congress have children in the military; only one, Sen. Tim Johnson, D-S.D., has a child who fought in Iraq.” Kevin Horrigan, “Hired Guns,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, May 11, 2003.

We process 95% of our food production!
Organic and home grown food is considered a trait of the past for most of our citizens!

OUR Food and Drug Administration SAYS:
“there is no absolute right to consume or feed children any particular kind of food [because] comprehensive federal regulation of the food supply has been in effect at least since Congress enacted the Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906

“fundamental privacy interest in obtaining ‘foods of their own choice’ for themselves and their families is without merit.”

Farm-to-Consumer Legal Defense Fund argues 2010 policy deprives consumers and a food buying group owner “of their fundamental and inalienable rights of (a) traveling across State lines with raw dairy products legally obtained and possessed; (b) providing for the care and well being of themselves and their families, including their children; and (c) producing, obtaining and consuming the foods of choice for themselves and their families, including their children.”

http://www.naturalnews.com/031934_FDA_food_freedom.html#ixzz1ITgvIO00

We enforce paperwork and permits to grow a garden IF we sell/barter the extra produce. (BILL s.510).

Suppliers used to provide restaurants with meat that was slaughtered and ground a few hours earlier, the same day. Instead, they must now submit a sample of their meat to a lab where, in a few days, they’ll be advised if it’s safe to sell. Large industrial operations, which use meat glue to blend meat from different countries, send a sample from a million pounds of meat, giving them a huge competitive advantage over small producers who don’t glue their meat together. The meat they sell to restaurants and grocers, Callicrate advised, is two weeks old.

Wisconsin Dept. of Ag held seminars the beginning of April to educate produce growers and packers as to what will be involved in inspections.  The supporters of locally grown have been co-opted by the new slogan ‘Buy local-Buy safely’ – that unless the produce is inspected, it isn’t safe.

Bed and breakfast operations cannot as institutions use their own eggs because of salmonella concerns and must buy federally inspected eggs. Even though they can sell the eggs at the farmers markets, they can’t serve them to borders.

GOOGLE “raid on Maxam Nutraceutics” and “Rawesome Foods” for details on the latest enforcing actions.

Most recently, the FDA shut down Pennsylvania AMISH farmer Dan Algyer, though no one became ill from his natural milk.  Morningland Cheese and Estrella Family Creamery are but two more in a long line of victims of the corporate war on natural food, though their products sickened no one. And most of the nation knows of the armed raid on Rawesome Foods last year. (Also see David Gumpert’s book, The Raw Milk Revolution: Behind America’s Emerging Battle Over Food Rights.)

http://foodfreedom.wordpress.com/2011/04/29/another-fda-shut-down-of-raw-milk-that-sickened-no-one/

A family teaching their child a lesson in Capitalism by selling bunnies AT A LOSS is attacked by the USDA and forced to pay up to $10,000 per bunny sold in FINES!

http://foodfreedom.wordpress.com/2011/05/22/family-faces-4-million-in-usda-fines-for-selling-bunnies/

We are dependent on Public Utilities!

Most the world lives sustainably with renewable energy and home grown food but not the U.S.A. We suck up 25% of the world’s fossil fuel resources while draining farm chemicals into our Gulf and polluting our entire southern border with oil and natural gas spills.

We require automotive licensing and titling.

What is the purpose really? Used vehicles are not worth transfering titles. We are talking about an asset worth less then 1% of our net worth. It is not a home worth hundreds of thousands of dollars! We can pay road tax by a simple registration process matched with VIN #s. When was the last time your car was stolen and you had to have it pulled over on the road by identifying it with a license plate number? We pay insurance because a vehicle is a dangerous and causes death and bodily harm often in accidental form. That is why the concept of insurance was created.

We promote selective insurance!

So, you just bought a cheap electronic. Our current cultural society will recommend and strongly influence you to get insurance on it and that the seller must get liability insurance in case you slip on your way out. Then you will be solicited to get more insurance in case someone tries to steal your items. By the time you total up all the insurance you could just have replaced the items multiple times! INSURANCE IS OUT OF CONTROL IN THE U.S.A.

We try to require HEALTH insurance!

You can not seriously believe that is justified. IT IS PURE ANAL RETENTIVE! Health insurance was a ploy by Keiser Calimentae with President Nixon to increase the gap between the rich and the poor. It was a way to avoid a govermentally supported health care system and to help control population growth by denying millions of sick the care they needed to live.

www.phillipsandcohen.com/CM/FalseClaimsAct/

Internal Revenue System enforces unlawful “rules” on income tax.

Constitution supports that income taxation is a moral obligation to be decided by the people to support the government but t can not be DEMANDED! There is no INCOME TAX LAW for citizens! The 16th Amendment was ruled as a CORPORATION TAX Amendment, yet people in poverty have been held against their will and robbed by the regulation agency. READ my blog titled “The Story of Income Tax“.

In the begining, Congress (the true Law and Real Branch of Government) tried to stop the IRS but the power and reach of the agnecy had gotten out of control. The IRS grew too large to stop and future politicians would be too scared of the chaos that would arise if the rules were amended. I do not think a formal presidential statement, informing the United States citizens that “IRS income tax enforcement is hereby ended” would cause chaos. Large corporations would continue the recommended rules as their obligation to improve the economy and a status symbol amongst peers would influence most to do the same. The main difference would be that true patriots following the Constitution, would not be in jail and people like me, would not have had my life and banks accounts stolen from me!

WE ARE CENSORED and INVADED and OUR RIGHTS are INFRINGED!

Just a couple examples of Censorship
– In 2004, North Carolina ISP Madison River blocked their DSL customers from using any rival web-based phone service (like Vonage, Skype, etc.).

– In 2005, Canada’s telephone giant Telus blocked customers from visiting a website sympathetic to the Telecommunications Workers Union during a labor dispute.

– In 2007, Rob Topolski created data Packet tracking on Comcasts network and found them controlling his bandwidth based on KEY WORD algorithyms. (measurementlab.net / http://funchords.livejournal.com )

– In 2010, Time Warner’s AOL blocked all emails that mentioned www.dearaol.com – and advocacy campaign opposing the company’s pay-to-send email plan.

http://www.marketwatch.com/story/us-files-civil-suit-against-bp-for-gulf-spill-2010-12-15?siteid=rss&rss=1

POLITICAL NOTES: (more coming soon!)

In the year 2000, [John Ashcroft] was running for re-election as Senator from Missouri against a man who died the month before the election. The voters preferred the late Gov. Mel Carnahan.

Our Pharma and Medical System is Corrupt & FULL of GREED

http://foodfreedom.wordpress.com/2011/10/25/one-source-codex-tar-sands-and-vaccines/

THE STORY OF HEMP

(sponsored by Shhmokewear.com)

Hemp use dates back to the Stone Age, with hemp fibre imprints found in pottery shards in China and Taiwan[60] over 7,000 years old. They were also later used to make clothes, shoes, ropes, and an early form of paper.[60] Contrary to the traditional view that Cai Lun invented paper in around 105 AD, specimens of hemp paper were found in the Great Wall of China dating back 200 years earlier.[citation needed]

The classical Greek historian Herodotus (ca. 480 BC) reported that the inhabitants of Scythia would often inhale the vapours of hemp-seed smoke, both as ritual and for their own pleasurable recreation.[61]

In late medieval Germany and Italy, hemp was employed in cooked dishes, as filling in pies and tortes, or boiled in a soup.[62]

Hemp in later Europe was mainly cultivated for its fibres, and was used for ropes on many ships, including those of Christopher Columbus. The use of hemp as a cloth was centred largely in the countryside, with higher quality textiles being available in the towns.

The Spaniards brought hemp to the Western Hemisphere and cultivated it in Chile starting about 1545.[63] However, in May 1607, “hempe” was among the crops Gabriel Archer observed being cultivated by the natives at the main Powhatan village, where Richmond, Virginia is now situated;[64] and in 1613, Samuell Argall reported wild hemp “better than that in England” growing along the shores of the upper Potomac. As early as 1619, the first Virginia House of Burgesses passed an Act requiring all planters in Virginia to sow “both English and Indian” hemp on their plantations.[65] The Puritans are first known to have cultivated hemp in New England in 1645.

In the late 1800s, John D. Rockefeller owned Standard Oil, a petroleum company operating out of Cleveland, Ohio. He recognized that other types of fuel could be used to power engines. So began his attack on competitive fuels. His first target was alcohol, which could be used as ethanol. So, he funded church-related groups to crusade against the sinfulness of drinking alcohol. Rockefeller, who drank alcohol, wasn’t interested in what was good for the churchgoers, he was interested in what would grow his vast wealth.

As time went on, the auto industry and affiliated interests became tied in with the petroleum industry, and the pressure mounted to rid competitive fuels from the market. One key target was the hemp plant, which was being used to make ethanol for gasoline engines and oil for diesel engines.

The steel industry also became interested in ridding hemp from the market, especially after finding out that Henry Ford’s company was successful in creating fiberglass out of hemp, which could be used to manufacture the body panels of automobiles. The body panels Ford produced proved to be lighter weight, stronger, and would last longer than body panels made of steel, thus hemp body panels were superior to steel.

The DuPont company also took interest in the hemp issue, especially because DuPont developed chemicals for petroleum additives (those chemicals weren’t needed for hemp ethanol or hemp diesel oil), chemicals for wood paper pulp production (higher quality paper can be made of hemp pulp, and hemp paper production didn’t use the DuPont chemicals), and chemicals for paint made from petroleum (paint can also be made from hemp).

To establish petroleum as the fuel-of-choice for the rapidly-growing automobile industry, the petroleum industry, and affiliated interests took action and successfully got alcohol off the market for over ten years. Thus: alcohol prohibition was law in the U.S. during the 1920s.

In 1937, the petroleum industry, its affiliates in the automotive industry, the chemical industry, the steel industry, the financial industries, and the tree-pulp paper industry successfully got Congress and the U.S. president to place a prohibition on industrial hemp farming. The ban still stands, and has been strengthened – making it illegal for farmers and anyone else to grow industrial hemp within U.S. borders. Through international politics, the U.S. also forced many other countries to outlaw the farming of hemp.

Hemp is not a drug. But, it is the world’s most useful plant. It can be used to make ethanol for gas engines, oil for diesel engines; paper, fabric, food, fiberboard, a special form of concrete; insulation, paint, ink, soundproofing, fiberglass, and hundreds of other items. The U.S. imports hundreds of millions worth of hemp materials every year, while struggling family farmers across the U.S. are not permitted to grow it.

HISTORY FACTS

(the word “canvass” is rooted in “cannabis”)

Hemp has been grown for at least the last 12,000 years for fiber (textiles and paper) and food. It has been effectively prohibited in the United States since the 1950s.

George Washington and Thomas Jefferson both grew hemp. Ben Franklin owned a mill that made hemp paper. Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence on hemp paper.

Americans were legally bound to grow hemp during the Colonial Era and Early Republic. Because of its importance for sails and rope for ships, hemp was a required crop in the American colonies.

When US sources of “Manila hemp” (not true hemp) was cut off by the Japanese in WWII, the US Army and US Department of Agriculture promoted the “Hemp for Victory” campaign to grow hemp in the US.

The federal government subsidized hemp during the Second World War and U.S. farmers grew about a million acres of hemp as part of that program.

HEALTH FACTS

Hemp seed is nutritious and contains more essential fatty acids than any other source, is second only to soybeans in complete protein (but is more digestible by humans), is high in B-vitamins, and is a good source of dietary fiber.

Hemp seed is not psychoactive and cannot be used as a drug (learn more at TestPledge.com).

If one tried to ingest enough industrial hemp to get ‘a buzz’, it would be the equivalent of taking 2-3 doses of a high-fiber laxative.

At a volume level of 81%, hemp oil is the richest known source of polyunsaturated essential fatty acids (the “good” fats). It’s quite high in some essential amino acids, including gamma linoleic acid (GLA), a very rare nutrient also found in mother’s milk.

While the original “gruel” was made of hemp seed meal, hemp oil and seed can be made into tasty and nutritional products.

Cannabis preparations were still widely available in legend and over-the-counter forms in the 1930s. Crump (Chairman, Investigating Committee, American Medical Association) in 1931 mentioned the proprietaries “Piso’s Cure,” “One Day Cough Cure” and “Neurosine” as containing cannabis.[44] In 1937 Sasman listed twenty-eight pharmaceuticals containing cannabis.[36] Cannabis was still recognized as a medicinal agent in that year, when the committee on legislative activities of the American Medical Association concluded as follows:

. . . there is positively no evidence to indicate the abuse of cannabis as a medicinal agent or to show that its medicinal use is leading to the development of cannabis addiction. Cannabis at the present time is slightly used for medicinal purposes, but it would seem worthwhile to maintain its status as a medicinal agent for such purposes as it now has. There is a possibility that a re-study of the drug by modern means may show other advantages to be derived from its medicinal use.[32] Meanwhile, in Mexico, the poor were smoking marijuana to relax and to endure heat and fatigue. (Originally marijuana was the Mexican slang word for the smoking preparation of dried leaves and flowering tops of the Cannabis sativa plant-the indigenous variety of the hemp plant.)

The seeds can be eaten raw, ground into a meal, sprouted, made into hemp milk (akin to soy milk), prepared as tea, and used in baking. The fresh leaves can also be eaten in salads. Products include cereals, frozen waffles, hemp tofu, and nut butters, to name a few.

A survey in 2003 showed that more than 95% of hemps seed sold in the EU was used for animal feed (bird seed, bait for fishing)

Approximately 44% of the weight of hempseed is healthy edible oils, containing about 80% essential fatty acids (EFAs); i.e., linoleic acid, omega-6 (LA, 55%), alpha-linolenic acid, omega-3 (ALA, 22%), in addition to gamma-linolenic acid, omega-6 (GLA, 1–4%) and stearidonic acid, omega-3 (SDA, 0–2%). Protein is the other major component (33%), second only to soy (35%), but more easily digestible because it’s primarily globular proteins, 33% albumin and 65% edestin (a Greek word meaning edible)

Hempseed is an adequate source of dietary fiber, calcium and iron, and contains antioxidants and chlorophyll. Whole hempseeds are also a good source of phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, copper and manganese.

Hempseed is usually very safe for those unable to tolerate nuts, gluten, lactose, and sugar. In fact, there are no known allergies to hemp foods.[citation needed] Hempseed contains no gluten and therefore would not trigger symptoms of celiac disease.

INDUSTRY FACTS

More hemp is exported to the United States than to any other country!

According to the Department of Energy, hemp as a biomass fuel producer requires the least specialized growing and processing procedures of all hemp products. The hydrocarbons in hemp can be processed into a wide range of biomass energy sources, from fuel pellets to liquid fuels and gas. Development of bio-fuels could significantly reduce our consumption of fossil fuels and nuclear power. Algae is the ideal solution but emergency use of Hemp oil serves as the preferred back up source.

The stalk can also be used to make methanol and ethanol

Hemp oil can spontaneously oxidize and turn rancid within a short period of time if not stored properly; it is best stored in a dark glass bottle, in a refrigerator or freezer (its freezing point is –20 °C). Preservatives (antioxidants) are not necessary for high quality oils that are stored properly.

The bark of the hemp stalk contains bast fibers, which are among the Earth’s longest natural soft fibers and are also rich in cellulose. The cellulose and hemi-cellulose in its inner woody core are called hurds. Hemp stalk is not psychoactive. Hemp fiber is longer, stronger, more absorbent and more insulative than cotton fiber.

Henry Ford experimented with hemp to build car bodies. He wanted to build and fuel cars from farm products.

BMW is experimenting with hemp materials in automobiles as part of an effort to make cars more recyclable.

Much of the bird seed sold in the US has hemp seed (it’s sterilized before importation), the hulls of which contain about 25% protein.

Hemp oil once greased machines. Most paints, resins, shellacs, and varnishes used to be made out of linseed (from flax) and hemp oils.

Rudolph Diesel designed his engine to run on hemp oil.

The woody core, known as hurds, can be mixed with lime, sand, plaster and cement to create a very strong concrete or building bricks

Kimberly Clark (on the Fortune 500) has a mill in France which produces hemp paper preferred for bibles because it lasts a very long time and doesn’t yellow.

Construction products such as medium density fiber board, oriented strand board, and even beams, studs and posts could be made out of hemp. Because of hemp’s long fibers, the products will be stronger and/or lighter than those made from wood.

The products that can be made from hemp number over 25,000.

Hemp fiber paper resists decomposition, and does not yellow with age when an acid-free process is used. Hemp paper more than 1,500 years old has been found. Hemp paper can also be recycled more times than wood-based paper.

Hemp fiberboard produced by Washington State University was found to be twice as strong as wood-based fiberboard. No additional resins are required due to naturally-occurring lignins.

Hemp “hurds” for paper –77% of the hemp stalk’s weight, which is left after fiber-stripping process can be used for paper. In 1916, USDA Bulletin #404, reported that ONE ACRE OF CANNABIS HEMP, in annual rotation over a 20-year period, WOULD PRODUCE AS MUCH PULP FOR PAPER AS 4.1 ACRES OF TREES BEING CUT DOWN over the same 20 year period. This process would use only 1/4 to 1/7 as much polluting sulfur-based acid chemicals to break down the lignin that binds the fibers of the pulp, or even none at all using soda ash. The problem of dioxin contamination of rivers is avoided in the hemp making process. HEMP PROVIDES FOUR TIMES AS MUCH PULP WITH AT LEAST 4-7 TIMES LESS POLLUTION. As an example: If the new (1916) hemp pulp paper process were legal today, it would soon replace about 70% of all wood paper, including computer printout paper, corrugated boxes and paper bags.

Eco-friendly hemp can replace most toxic petrochemical products. Research is being done to use hemp in manufacturing biodegradable plastic products: plant-based cellophane, recycled plastic mixed with hemp for injection-molded products, and resins made from the oil, to name a very few examples. Over two million cars on the road today have hemp composite parts for door panels, dashboards, luggage racks, etc.

NatureWorksLLC.com in Blair Nebraska makes hemp INGEO platic Resin for MNF

Pinch Hitters for Defense – Popular Mechanics – December 1941
After 12 years of research, the Ford Motor Company has completed an experimental automobile with a plastic body. Although its design takes advantages of the properties of plastics, the streamline car does not differ greatly in appearance from its steel counterpart. The only steel in the hand-made body is found in the tubular welded frame on which are mounted 14 plastic panels, 3/16″ thick. Composed of a mixture of farm crops and synthetic chemicals, the plastic is reported to withstand a blow 10 times as great as steel without denting. Even the windows are of plastic. The total weight of the plastic car is about 2,000 lbs., compared with 3,000 lbs. for a steel auto of the same size. Although no hint has been given as to when plastic cars may go into production, the experimental model is pictured as a step toward materialization of Henry Ford’s belief that some day he would “grow automobiles from the soil”.

When Henry Ford recently unveiled his plastic car, the result of 12 years of research, he gave the world a glimpse of the automobile of tomorrow, it’s tough panel molded under hydraulic pressure of 1500 lbs. per square inch from a recipe that calls for 70% of cellulose fibers from wheat straw, HEMP, and sisal plus 30% resin binder. The only steel in the car is its tubular welded frame. The plastic car weighs a ton less than a comparable steel car. Manufacturers are already taking a low-priced plastic car to test the public’s taste by 1943.

HEMP Oil was Primary base of all paints/varnishes
Congress and the Treasury Dept. were assured through SECRET TESTIMONY given by DuPont in 1935-37 directly to Herman Oliphant, Chief Counsel for the Treasury Dept., that hemp seed oil could be replaced with synthetic petro-chemical oils MADE PRINCIPALLY BY DUPONT.

Oliphant was solely responsible for drafting the Marijuana Tax Act that was submitted to Congress.[Richard Bonnie and Charles Whitebread, “The Marijuana Conviction”, Univ. of Virginia Press 1974].

Hemp can be used as a “mop crop” to clear impurities out of wastewater, such as sewage effluent, excessive phosphorus from chicken litter, or other unwanted substances or chemicals. Eco-technologist Dr. Keith Bolton from Southern Cross University in Lismore, New South Wales, Australia, is a leading researcher in this area. Hemp is being used to clean contaminants at Chernobyl nuclear disaster site.

Hemp, because of its height, dense foliage and its high planting density as a crop, is a very effective and long used method of killing tough weeds in farming by minimizing the pool of weed seeds of the soil.[48] Using hemp this way can help farmers avoid the use of herbicides, to help gain organic certification and to gain the benefits of crop rotation.

SCIENTIFIC FACTS

Industrial hemp and marijuana are both classified by taxonomists as Cannabis sativa, a species with hundreds of varieties. C. sativa is a member of the mulberry family. Industrial hemp is bred to maximize fiber, seed and/or oil, while marijuana varieties seek to maximize THC (delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol, the primary psychoactive ingredient in marijuana).

Hemp can be grown organically. Only eight, out of about one hundred known pests, cause problems, and hemp is most often grown without herbicides, fungicides or pesticides. Hemp is also a natural weed suppressor due to fast growth of the canopy.

While industrial hemp and marijuana may look somewhat alike to an untrained eye, an easily trained eye can easily distinguish the difference.

Industrial hemp has a THC content of between 0.05 and 1%. Marijuana has a THC content of 3% to 20%. To receive a standard psychoactive dose would require a person to power-smoke 10-12 hemp cigarettes over an extremely short period of time. The large volume and high temperature of vapor, gas and smoke would be almost impossible for a person to withstand.

If hemp does pollinate any nearby marijuana, genetically, the result will always be lower-THC marijuana, not higher-THC hemp. If hemp is grown outdoors, marijuana will not be grown close by to avoid producing lower-grade marijuana.

Hemp fibers are longer, stronger, more absorbent and more mildew-resistant than cotton.

Fabrics made of at least one-half hemp block the sun’s UV rays more effectively than other fabrics.

Many of the varieties of hemp that were grown in North America have been lost. Seed banks weren’t maintained. New genetic breeding will be necessary using both foreign and domestic “ditchweed,” strains of hemp that went feral after cultivation ended. Various state national guard units often spend their weekends trying to eradicate this hemp, in the mistaken belief they are helping stop drug use.

A 1938 Popular Mechanics described hemp as a “New Billion Dollar Crop.” That’s back when a billion was real money.

Hemp can be made in to a variety of fabrics, including linen quality.

Hemp produces more pulp per acre than timber on a sustainable basis, and can be used for every quality of paper. Hemp paper manufacturing can reduce wastewater contamination. Hemp’s low lignin content reduces the need for acids used in pulping, and its creamy color lends itself to environmentally-friendly bleaching instead of harsh chlorine compounds. Less bleaching results in less dioxin and fewer chemical by-products.

CANNABIS DOES NOT CAUSE CANCER

BOSTON, Jan. 30, 1997 (UPI) –

The U.S. federal government has failed to make public its own 1994 study that undercuts its position that marijuana is carcinogenic – a $2 million study by the National Toxicology Program.

The program’s deputy director, John Bucher, says the study “found absolutely no evidence of cancer.” In fact, animals that received THC had fewer cancers. Bucher denies his agency had been pressured to shelve the report, saying the delay in making it public was due to a personnel shortage.

The Boston Globe reported Thursday (1-30-97) that the study indicates not only that the main ingredient in marijuana, THC, does not cause cancer, but also that it may even protect against malignancies, laboratory tests on animals show.

The report comes on the heels of an editorial in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine that favors the controlled medical use of marijuana, and calls current federal policy “misguided, heavy-handed and inhumane.”

The Clinton administration has said that doctors prescribing marijuana could be prosecuted for a federal crime. Marijuana has been reported to ease the pain, nausea and vomiting in advanced stages of cancer,

AIDS and other serious illnesses, but the federal government claims other treatments have been deemed safer than what it calls “a psychoactive, burning carcinogen.” However, The Boston Globe says the government’s claim appears to be undercut by its own $2 million study.

LEGAL FACTS

The US Drug Enforcement Agency classifies all C. sativa varieties as “marijuana.” While it is theoretically possible to get permission from the government to grow hemp, DEA would require that the field be secured by fence, razor wire, dogs, guards, and lights, making it cost-prohibitive.

The US State Department must certify each year that a foreign nation is cooperating in the war on drugs. The European Union subsidizes its farmers to grow industrial hemp. Those nations are not on this list, because the State Department can tell the difference between hemp and marijuana.

Hemp was grown commercially (with increasing governmental interference) in the United States until the 1950s. It was doomed by the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937, which placed an extremely high tax on marijuana and made it effectively impossible to grow industrial hemp. While Congress expressly expected the continued production of industrial hemp, the Federal Bureau of Narcotics lumped industrial hemp with marijuana, as it’s successor the US Drug Enforcement Administration, does to this day.

Over 30 industrialized democracies do distinguish hemp from marijuana. International treaties regarding marijuana make an exception for industrial hemp.

Canada now allows the growing of hemp.

ECOLOGY FACTS

Hemp growers can not hide marijuana plants in their fields. Marijuana is grown widely spaced to maximize leaves. Hemp is grown in tightly-spaced rows to maximize stalk and is usually harvested before it goes to seed.

Hemp can be made into fine quality paper. The long fibers in hemp allow such paper to be recycled several times more than wood-based paper.

Hemp can be planted as a crop for restoring the fertility of fields in the process of stock rotation.

Given its fast growth, hemp may also be useful in carbon sequestration – taking carbon out of the air and putting it back into the earth.

Because of its low lignin content, hemp can be pulped using less chemicals than with wood. Its natural brightness can obviate the need to use chlorine bleach, which means no extremely toxic dioxin being dumped into streams. A kinder and gentler chemistry using hydrogen peroxide rather than chlorine dixoide is possible with hemp fibers.

Hemp grows well in a variety of climates and soil types. It is naturally resistant to most pests, precluding the need for pesticides. It grows tightly spaced, out-competing any weeds, so herbicides are not necessary. It also leaves a weed-free field for a following crop.

Hemp can displace cotton which is usually grown with massive amounts of chemicals harmful to people and the environment. 50% of all the world’s pesticides are sprayed on cotton.

Hemp can displace wood fiber and save forests for watershed, wildlife habitat, recreation and oxygen production, carbon sequestration (reduces global warming), and other values.

Hemp can yield 3-8 dry tons of fiber per acre. This is four times what an average forest can yield.

Hemp is a water miser and can be processed into useful products with little energy and without requiring toxic chemicals.

DRIVING

Crancer Study, Washington Department of Motor Vehicles
“Simulated driving scores for subjects experiencing a normal social “high” and the same subjects under control conditions are not significantly different. However, there are significantly more errors for alcohol intoxicated than for control subjects”

U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT HS 808 078), Final Report, November 1993:
“THC’s adverse effects on driving performance appear relatively small”

Professor Olaf Drummer, Forensic Scientist, Royal College of Surgeons, Melbourne, 1996
“Compared to alcohol, which makers people take more risks on the road, marijuana made drivers slow down and drive more carefully…. Cannabis is good for driving skills, as people tend to overcompensate for a perceived impairment.”

CANNABIS AND TOBACCO

Cannabis in Costa Rica: A Study of Chronic Marijuana Use; Institute of Human Issues.
“Users in our matched-pair sample smoked marijuana in addition to as many tobacco cigarettes as did their matched non-using pairs. Yet their small airways were, if anything, a bit healthier than their matches. We must tentatively conclude either that marijuana has no harmful effect on such passages or that it actually offers some slight protection against harmful effects of tobacco smoke.”

PREGNANCY AND CANNABIS BABIES

Prenatal Marijuana Exposure and Neonatal Outcomes in Jamaica: An Ethnographic Study Melanie C. Dreher, PhD; Kevin Nugent, PhD; and Rebekah Hudgins, MA

“Measurements and main results. Exposed and nonexposed neonates were compared at 3 days and 1 month old, using the Brazelton Neonatal Assessment Scale, including supplementary items to capture possible subtle effects. There were no significant differences between exposed and nonexposed neonates on day 3.

At 1 month, the exposed neonates showed better physiological stability and required less examiner facilitation to reach organized states. The neonates of heavy marijuana using mothers had better scores on autonomic stability, quality of alertness, irritability, and self-regulation and were judged to be more rewarding for caregivers.”

ADDICTION /DEPENDENCY

The Shafer Commission of 1970
Marijuana does not lead to physical dependency, although some evidence indicates that the heavy, long-term users may develop a psychological dependence on the drug”

Canada: In 1997, (R. v Clay), Ontario Justice John McCart ruled;
“Cannabis is not an addictive substance; does not cause a motivational syndrome; and health related costs of cannabis use are negligible when compared to the costs attributable to tobacco and alcohol consumption.” His findings were confirmed by B.C. Justice F.E. Howard in a similar case in 1998.

TESTIMONIES – SAFETY STUDIES

Peter Bourne, President Carter’s Drug Czar
”We did not view marijuana as a significant health problem–as it was not….Nobody dies from marijuana. Marijuana smoking, in fact, if one wants to be honest, is a source of pleasure and amusement to countless millions of people in America, and it continues to be that way.” Source: PBS’s Frontline: ”Drug Wars,” October 2000

Ethiopian Zion Coptic Church Study, 1980
“Some participants had smoked at least two to four large cigarettes (each containing 1/4 to 1/2 ounce of cannabis) over 16 hours a day for periods of up to 50 years….the most impressive thing… is the true paucity of neurological abnormalities. Heavy cannabis consumers suffered no apparent psychological or physical harm.”

LaGuardia Commission Report, 1944
“Cannabis smoking does not lead directly to mental or physical deterioration… Those who have consumed marijuana for a period of years showed no mental or physical deterioration which may be attributed to the drug.”

1968 UK Royal Commission; The Wooten Report:
“Having reviewed all the material available to us we find ourselves in agreement with the conclusion reached by the Indian Hemp Drugs Commission appointed by the Government of India (1893-94) and the New York Mayor’s Committee (1944 – LaGuardia)that the long-term consumption of cannabis in moderate doses has no harmful effects”

“the long-asserted dangers of cannabis are exaggerated and that the related law is socially damaging, if not unworkable”

Testimony of Professor Lester Grinspoon, M.D.
Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, before the Crime Subcommittee of the Judiciary Committee, U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, D.C., October 1, 1997:

“Cannabis is remarkably safe. Although not harmless, it is surely less toxic than most of the conventional medicines it could replace if it were legally available. Despite its use by millions of people over thousands of years, cannabis has never caused an overdose death.”

Dr J. H. Jaffe, The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. L.Goodman and A Gillman, 3rd edn. 1965.
“There are no long lasting ill-effects from the acute use of marijuana and no fatalities have ever been recorded … there seems to be growing agreement within the medical community, at least, that marijuana does not directly cause criminal behaviour, juvenile delinquency, sexual excitement, or addiction.”

The USA Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy 1987
“Cannabis can be used on an episodic but continual basis without evidence of social or psychic dysfunction. In many users the term dependence with its obvious connotations, probably is misapplied… The chief opposition to the drug rests on a moral and political, and not toxicologic, foundation”.

Cannabis in Costa Rica: A Study of Chronic Marijuana Use
Institute of Human Issues:
“No significant health consequences to chronic cannabis smokers”

US Jamaican Study 1974
“… as a multipurpose plant, ganga is used medicinally, even by non-smokers. ….There were no indications of organic brain damage or chromosome damage among smokers and no significant clinical psychiatric, psychological or medical) differences between smokers and controls.”

“No impairment of physiological, sensory and perceptual performance, tests of concept formation, abstracting ability, and cognitive style, and tests of memory”
“[Cannabis smoking] does not lead directly to mental or physical deterioration… Those who have consumed marijuana for a period of years showed no mental or physical deterioration which may be attributed to the drug.”

POLITICAL
Countries Growing Industrial Hemp Today
The U.S. is the only industrialized nation in the world that supports politicians who do not recognize the value of industrial hemp & permit its production at a Federal LEVEL. (9) states in 2011 do not regulate or stop Industrial Hemp growers and Medical Marijuana and Federal (DEA) Agents mostly only intervene when high levels are reported.

http://www.votehemp.com/state.html
To date, twenty-nine states have introduced hemp legislation and seventeen have passed legislation; nine (Hawaii, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Montana, North Dakota, Oregon, Vermont and West Virginia) have removed barriers to its production or research.
To date, eight states have passed hemp resolutions: California, Colorado, Illinois, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Vermont and Virginia.
To date, six states have passed hemp study bills: Arkansas, Maine, Minnesota, New Mexico, North Carolina and Vermont.
(15) and the District of Columbia have legal marijuana USE laws.

2011 Legislative Session
California had a hemp farming bill, SB 676, introduced on 2/18/2011 and it was referred to the Senate Committee on Rules for assignment.

Kentucky had a hemp farming bill, SB 30, introduced on 1/4/2011 and it was referred to the Senate Agriculture Committee.

Illinois had a hemp farming bill, HB 1383, introduced on 2/9/2011. It was referred to the House Rules Committee on 2/14/2011. Assigned to the House Agriculture and Conservation Committee 2/15/11. Do Pass / Short Debate by a vote of 11-2 on 3/1/2011.

Minnesota had a hemp farming bill, HF 759, introduced on on 2/28/2011. It was referred to the House Agriculture and Rural Development Policy and Finance Committee.

New Hampshire had a hemp farming bill, HB 101, introduced on 1/5/2011. A public hearing was held on 1/18/2011. An executive session was held on 1/25/2011. Committee report issued with a recommendation of Inexpedient to Legislate (the full House should vote the bill down) with a vote of 11-7 on 1/25/2011. Inexpedient to Legislate: MA RC (Motion Adopted, Regular Calendar) by a vote of 304-51 on 2/9/2011, thus the bill is dead.

2010 Legislative Session

Colorado had a hemp resolution, HJR10-1027, introduced on 4/23/10. The resolution was passed in House on 5/5/10, introduced in Senate on 5/6/10 and passed in Senate as amended on 5/12/10.

Kentucky had a hemp farming bill, SB 14, introduced in Senate 1/5/10. The bill was referred to Senate Agriculture committee 1/6/10 and was in committee on adjournment in April and thus it died.

Michigan had a hemp resolution, HR 314, introduced on 7/28/10, which was referred to Committee on Commerce, a hemp farming bill, HB 6480, introduced on 9/22/10, which was referred to Committee on Agriculture and a hemp study bill, HB 6479, introduced on 9/22/10, which was also referred to Committee on Agriculture. All three bills died in committee upon adjournment.

Minnesota had an omnibus agriculture and veterans policy bill introduced on 2/22/10, which includes authorization for an Industrial Hemp Report, and was referred to the Senate Finance Committee. Signed by the Governor on 5/13/10. No later than February 15, 2011, the commissioner of agriculture shall present the report.

Wisconsin had a study bill, AB 206, introduced on 4/14/09. The bill was re-referred to the committee on Agriculture. In the 2010 session a substitute bill was offered and accepted making AB 206 a hemp farming bill. The bill failed to pass pursuant to Senate Joint Resolution 1 on 4/28/10. A hemp farming bill, AB 740, was introduced on 2/11/10. Read first time and referred to committee on Agriculture on 2/11/10. Public hearing held on 2/24/10. Fiscal estimate received on 3/3/10. Report passage recommended by committee on Agriculture, Ayes 6, Noes 5 on 4/20/10. Failed to pass pursuant to Senate Joint Resolution 1 on 4/28/10.

North Dakota is now issuing licenses to farmers to grow hemp under existing state law and North Dakota Department of Agriculture rules. There are also two new bills this year. HB 1549 is a bill to amend and reenact section 4-41-02 of the North Dakota Century Code, relating to industrial hemp, the other is a concurrent resolution, HCR 3026, urging the United States Drug Enforcement Administration to allow North Dakota to regulate industrial hemp farming. In June 2007 the two North Dakota farmers granted state hemp farming licenses, Rep. David Monson and Wayne Hauge, filed a lawsuit in U.S. District Court for the District of North Dakota in an effort to end the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration’s (DEA) obstruction of commercial hemp farming in the United States. The case was dismissed by the District Court in November 2007. The prospective hemp farmers have appealed the decision to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit and the opinion was delivered in December 2009. On May 18, 2010 Monson and Hauge filed a legal action against DEA in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Please see the Vote Hemp North Dakota Case page for the latest information on the case.

A federal hemp bill was introduced in Congress on 4/2/09. The bill excludes industrial hemp from the definition of “marihuana” in the Controlled Substances Act and gives states the exclusive authority to regulate the growing and processing of industrial hemp under state law. Please see our Federal Legislation page for much more information on H.R. 1866, the “Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2009.” This bill died in committee at the end of the 111th Congress in January 2011. It had 26 co-sponsors, including Rep. Ron Paul, the most ever! We hope to have a bill introduced to replace it in the 112th Congress early in 2011.

(15) Medical Marijuana States and DC Laws
http://medicalMarijuana.procon.org
(see chart below for full details)

Below is a list of other countries that are more rational when it comes to hemp policy.

AUSTRALIA began research trials in Tasmania in 1995. Victoria commercial production since1998. New South Wales has research. In 2002, Queensland began production. Western Australia licensed crops in 2004.

AUSTRIA has a hemp industry including production of hemp seed oil, medicinals and Hanf magazine.

CANADA started to license research crops in 1994. In addition to crops for fiber, one seed crop was licensed in 1995. Many acres were planted in 1997. Licenses for commercial agriculture saw thousands of acres planted in 1998. 30,000 acres were planted in 1999. In 2000, due to speculative investing, 12,250 acres were sown. In 2001, 92 farmers grew 3,250 acres. A number of Canadian farmers are now growing organically-certified hemp crops (6,000 acres in 2003 and 8,500 acres in 2004, yielding almost four million pounds of seed).

CHILE has grown hemp in the recent past for seed oil production.

CHINA is the largest exporter of hemp textiles. The fabrics are of excellent quality. Medium density fiber board is also now available. The Chinese word for hemp is “ma.”

DENMARK planted its first modern hemp trial crops in 1997. The country is committed to utilizing organic methods.

FINLAND had a resurgence of hemp in 1995 with several small test plots. A seed variety for northern climates was developed called Finola, previously know by the breeder code “FIN-314.” In 2003, Finola was accepted to the EU list of subsidized hemp cultivars. Hemp has never been prohibited in Finland. The Finnish word for hemp is “hamppu.”

FRANCE has never prohibited hemp and harvested 10,000 tons of fiber in 1994. France is a source of low-THC-producing hemp seed for other countries. France exports high quality hemp oil to the U.S. The French word for hemp is “chanvre.”

GERMANY banned hemp in 1982, but research began again in 1992, and many technologies and products are now being developed, as the ban was lifted on growing hemp in November, 1995. Food, clothes and paper are also being made from imported raw materials. Mercedes and BMW use hemp fiber for composites in door panels, dashboards, etc. The German word for hemp is “hanf.”

GREAT BRITAIN lifted hemp prohibition in 1993. Animal bedding, paper and textiles markets have been developed. A government grant was given to develop new markets for natural fibers. 4,000 acres were grown in 1994. Subsidies of 230 British pounds per acre are given by the government to farmers for growing hemp.

HUNGARY is rebuilding their hemp industry, and is one of the biggest exporters of hemp cordage, rugs and fabric to the U.S. They also export hemp seed, paper and fiberboard. The Hungarian word for hemp is “kender.”

INDIA has stands of naturalized Cannabis and uses it for cordage, textiles and seed.

ITALY has invested in the resurgence of hemp, especially for textile production. 1,000 acres were planted for fiber in 2002. Giorgio Armani grows its own hemp for specialized textiles.

JAPAN has a rich religious tradition involving hemp, and custom requires that the Emperor and Shinto priests wear hemp garments in certain ceremonies, so there are small plots maintained for these purposes. Traditional spice mixes also include hemp seed. Japan supports a thriving retail market for a variety of hemp products. The Japanese word for hemp is “asa.”

NETHERLANDS is conducting a four-year study to evaluate and test hemp for paper, and is developing specialized processing equipment. Seed breeders are developing new strains of low-THC varieties. The Dutch word for hemp is “hennep.”

NEW ZEALAND started hemp trials in 2001. Various cultivars are being planted in the north and south islands.

POLAND currently grows hemp for fabric and cordage and manufactures hemp particle board. They have demonstrated the benefits of using hemp to cleanse soils contaminated by heavy metals. The Polish word for hemp is “konopij.”

ROMANIA is the largest commercial producer of hemp in Europe. 1993 acreage was 40,000 acres. Some of it is exported to Hungary for processing. They also export hemp to Western Europe and the U.S. The Romanian word for hemp is “cinepa.”

RUSSIA maintains the largest hemp germplasm collection in the world at the N.I. Vavilov Scientific Research Institute of Plant Industry (VIR) in St. Petersburg. They are in need of funding to maintain and support the collection. The Russian word for hemp is “konoplya.”

SLOVENIA grows hemp and manufactures currency paper.

SPAIN has never prohibited hemp, produces rope and textiles, and exports hemp pulp for paper. The Spanish word for hemp is “cañamo.”

SWITZERLAND is a producer of hemp and hosts one of the largest hemp trade events, Cannatrade.

TURKEY has grown hemp for 2,800 years for rope, caulking, birdseed, paper and fuel. The Turkish word for hemp is “kendir.”

UKRAINE, EGYPT, KOREA, PORTUGAL and THAILAND also produce hemp.

UNITED STATES granted the first hemp permit in over 40 years to Hawaii for an experimental quarter-acre plot in 1999. The license was renewed, but the project has since been closed due to DEA stalling tactics and related funding problems. Importers and manufacturers have thrived using imported raw materials. 22 states have introduced legislation, including VT, HI, ND, MT, MN, IL, VA, NM, CA, AR, KY, MD, WV and ME, addressing support, research or cultivation with bills or resolutions. The National Conference of State Legislators (NCSL) has endorsed industrial hemp for years.

MISC. / OTHER
And God said, “Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth…” – Genesis 1:29

DEA Success Update: Let’s see. After 20 years of relentless federal Drug War activity, while the price of world-class marijuana has gone from $60 an ounce to $450, the price of quality cocaine has plummeted from $125 a gram to $30, and 30%-pure heroin has dropped from $700 a gram to about $100. Way to go, boys!
– High Times, April 1995

“The biggest killer on the planet is stress and I still think the best medicine is and always has been cannabis.
– Willie Nelson, High Times, January 1991

“The greatest service that can be rendered to any country is to add a useful plant to its culture.”
-Thomas Jefferson

“Make the most of the Indian Hemp Seed and sow it everywhere.”
-George Washington

ANTI HEMP PROPAGANDA

HARRY J. ANSLINGER QUOTES
“How many murders, suicides, robberies, criminal assaults, holdups, burglaries and deeds of maniacal insanity it causes each year, especially among the young, can only be conjectured…No one knows, when he places a marijuana cigarette to his lips, whether he will become a joyous reveller in a musical heaven, a mad insensate, a calm philosopher, or a murderer…”  HARRY J ANSLINGER Commissioner of the US Bureau of Narcotics 1930-1962

Marijuana is taken by “…..musicians. And I’m not speaking about good musicians, but the jazz type…” Harry J. Anslinger Federal Bureau of Narcotics 1948

“…the primary reason to outlaw marijuana is its effect on the degenerate races.” Harry J.Anslinger

“Marijuana is an addictive drug which produces in its users insanity, criminality, and death.” Harry J. Anslinger

“Reefer makes darkies think they’re as good as white men.” Harry J. Anslinger

“Marihuana leads to pacifism and communist brainwashing” Harry J. Anslinger

“You smoke a joint and you’re likely to kill your brother.” Harry J. Anslinger

“Marijuana is the most violence-causing drug in the history of mankind.” Harry J. Anslinger

There are 100,000 total marijuana smokers in the US, and most are Negroes, Hispanics, Filipinos and entertainers. Their Satanic music, jazz and swing, result from marijuana usage. This marijuana causes white women to seek sexual relations with Negroes, entertainers and any others. — Harry Anslinger, 1937 testimony to Congress in support of the Marijuana Tax Act.

SOURCES
Chris Conrad, “Hemp: Lifeline to the Future”
Jack Frazier, “The Great American Hemp Industry”
Hemptech, “Industrial Hemp” and “Hemp Horizons”
John McCabe, “Hemp: What The World Needs Now”
Jack Ferer, “Emperor Wears No Clothes” (June 18, 1939 – April 15, 2010)

Wikipedia

BIOFUELS: Marines trying to get Afghan farmers hooked on energy crops (Monday, March 21, 2011)

Annie Snider, E&E reporter
http://www.eenews.net/

 

Marine Sgt. Brian Nelson found himself alone with four hard-won barrels of cottonseed oil one day last fall in a Afghan field in the Taliban stronghold of Helmand province.

The 31-year-old chemical engineer from Falmouth, Mass., was waiting for an Osprey aircraft to take him and his 55-gallon barrels to Camp Leatherneck, the launchpad for some 30,000 coalition forces conducting counterinsurgency operations in Afghanistan’s rugged southwestern provinces.

Nelson, who has already served two tours in Iraq, spent this past winter tinkering with combinations of cottonseed oil and JP-8, the military’s universal fuel, to find a blend that works best in Camp Leatherneck’s generators. His work is part of an experimental U.S. effort to maintain gains over the Taliban by developing local biofuels.

image removed

Marine Sgt. Brian Nelson (center) and Marines from the I Marine Expeditionary Force begin work on an experimental biofuels project using Afghan cottonseed oil. Photo courtesy of the U.S. Marine Corps.

Originally, Nelson said, military leaders had hoped to produce poppyseed oil as a biofuel and give Afghan farmers an alternative product for their more than 8,000 tons of yearly opium.

As it stands, the illicit opium poppy crop, grown mostly in southern provinces, is a thorn in the side of coalition forces. In 2006 and 2007, shortly after the Taliban returned to the region, the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime estimated that insurgents and warlords made between $200 million and $400 million off the crop. Meanwhile, opium addiction is a mounting problem among the Afghan population.

But by the time Nelson, who has a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering from the University of New Hampshire, was recruited for the project, the anti-poppy campaign had shifted course, instead focusing on creating incentives for farmers to grow legal food crops like wheat.

But the biofuels idea did not die.

The Marine Corps alone uses 200,000 gallons of fuel each day in Afghanistan, and fuel convoys are an especially easy target for improvised explosive devices (IEDs) set by insurgents — a fact that has not escaped the notice of military leaders. All the services are taking steps to cut their fuel dependency and switch to alternative sources, and shortly after Nelson deployed to Afghanistan, the Marine Corps commandant issued some of the most aggressive energy-reduction goals of all the services.

“By tethering our operations to vulnerable supply lines, it degrades our expeditionary capabilities and ultimately puts Marines at risk,” wrote Commandant Gen. James Amos in the Marine Corps’ new expeditionary energy report, which was released today. “Transforming the way we use energy is essential to rebalance our Corps and prepare it for the future.”

The marines’ targets are especially notable because they include energy usage cuts for the tip-of-the-spear operations Marines are known for, such as those happening out of Camp Leatherneck. By 2025, the Marines aim to use half the amount of fuel they do today.

So Marine Corps leadership was eagerly scouting out ideas for alternative fuels when they learned that a newly reopened cotton gin in Helmand province was producing an excess of cottonseed oil. The Afghans were using some of the extra oil for animal feed, but the Marines realized it could also make a good biofuel.

Creating fuel out of any vegetable oil is easy, and cottonseed oil is especially appealing because it is very stable, according to Alice Pilgeram, a Montana State University researcher who works with U.S. farmers to produce biofuels.

“It’s unbelievably simple. It’s so simple, it’s not even funny,” Pilgeram said. “And the best biodiesel you’re going to be able to produce is one from your region because it’s already adapted to the region.”

‘Everything out here is extremely difficult’

But nothing is simple in Afghanistan, so the Marine Corps Expeditionary Energy Office told Nelson to test the idea with a pilot project.

And Nelson quickly found that just getting enough oil for his experiments could be a herculean challenge.

After connecting with one of the cotton gin’s employees and working through an interpreter to explain what he wanted — Nelson says the words “filter” and “generator” do not translate easily — he set off to retrieve his barrels.

It was a multi-leg trip that sent Nelson from the American base to a British camp closer to Lashkar Gah, the Helmand provincial capital that is home to the gin. Then, in full flak gear and accompanied by a security unit, Nelson ventured to a village halfway between the camp and the city to meet his contact.

When the gin employee arrived in a battered little truck, he and Nelson ducked into a shop.

“You’re trying to pay him without the locals seeing, so that they don’t know you have money and they don’t know he has money once he leaves,” Nelson said.

There is only one way to do it: “Very carefully.”

The four barrels were loaded into Nelson’s vehicle, and he rode nervously back to the British base.

“We left with a little pickup truck … and the shocks were completely compressed,” he recalled, laughing. “Every bump along the road, we’re wondering if these barrels are going to go flying out the back.”

Then, from the British base, Nelson awaited his Osprey flight back to Camp Leatherneck.

“It’s kind of a neat experience … it’s just you and these four barrels of oil, and seeing this aircraft come out of the sky and pick up this cottonseed oil,” he said.

“It’s more difficult than anything you could ever imagine — to make all those steps along the way happen.”

High-level attention

Nelson just burned the last of those initial 220 gallons of cottonseed oil after running experiments through the winter, and he says that the fuel holds promise.

“As long as the temperature stays pretty warm, we have some great results,” he said. “It burns just a little bit slower than JP-8, the generators require just a little bit more maintenance, but it was easy to clean out the filters and it burns just a little bit cleaner without putting so much nitrous oxide in the air.”

Chilly temperatures posed a problem in his experiments, though. In the same way that cooking oil or butter gets more viscous at colder temperatures, so, too, does cottonseed oil.

On cold nights — and during the winter in Afghanistan, there are lots of cold nights — Nelson found the thicker oil clogged the generators. But he came up with some ways around it. For example, he developed a technique to use heat from the generator to warm the oil, or simply keep oil inside until it was ready to be used.

The bigger challenge is the logistics that would be required to scale up the project.

The military uses an enormous amount of fuel, and as the Department of the Navy, which includes the Marine Corps, angles to get to 50 percent alternative energy by the end of the decade, taking biofuels to scale is a high hurdle, even in the United States (Climatewire, Jan. 25).

The legwork it took for Nelson to get just a small amount of the fuel suggests Afghan cottonseed oil won’t be making a dent in U.S. forces’ fossil fuel consumption anytime soon. But that does not mean top Defense leaders don’t see promise in the project.

Navy Secretary Ray Mabus, who has made energy security his touchstone, touted the nascent effort in written testimony to Congress earlier this month.

The pilot project is “simultaneously demonstrating to Afghan farmers that there are alternatives to opium, and demonstrating to Afghan leaders that they can power their own economy from within Afghanistan,” he wrote.

Although Nelson’s work so far has been on U.S. military equipment, the potential to teach the process to Afghan farmers is what really gets him excited.

“This is something that would create almost a closed-circuit system for them,” Nelson said. “At some point in the future when we pull out, we want to make sure that their economy doesn’t fall out from underneath them so we don’t have to come right back in. Little by little, we’re trying to teach them these lessons and showing them how to use their own resources to their benefit.”

Building momentum

Pilgeram, the Montana biofuels researcher, said that small-scale, on-farm production is where biofuel economics work best.

“A farmer in Montana can maybe sell his oil to a biodiesel producer for $1.50 a gallon,” she explained. “On the other hand, if that farmer can convert that oil into his own fuel, it’s actually worth $3.50 a gallon because he doesn’t have to buy diesel.

“Everywhere, the economics end up making a lot more sense.”

With his cottonseed oil gone and the finishing touches on his project report just about complete, Nelson is getting ready to return home. By the time the report makes it onto the desks of military decisionmakers, he will likely be back in the United States.

But Nelson has already signed on for another tour in Afghanistan, which he expects will begin in the fall.

“I jumped at the opportunity,” the Marine said. “Now we can start building momentum with it. The hardest part, in my opinion, is over.”

GREEN

Minimize, Simplify, Reuse and Recycle

Plastic Bags measure your commitment to the earth. Ideally you grow 50% of your food and buy the other 50% at local grown stands, brews and bakeries. You don’t put things in a bag that you can carry and you bring your own reusable bags when needed. When you forget your bag and you end up needing a plastic bag, then you reuse them to sort recycling. You keep 5 bags in inventory and if you start to accumulate more then that, you are either forgetting your reusables or buying more then you need or not using them to separate recycling.

Use Renewable Energy and bio-fuel (Solar heat, wood/bio furnace)

Use lights sparingly and be efficient with solar lighting

Use mirrors to reflect sunlight inside

Use a High pressure low flow shower head (they cost $5!)

Turn off the heat just before it reaches the desired use. The remaining radiant heat will finish the job.

If you have a ceramic or stone cooking surface you can cook with 25 degrees lower then recipes say to use with standard stove etc.

Use LED bulbs

Use Solar water heaters and a tankless heat on demand unit.

Leave floor vents from basement open in summer to keep houses cool.

If you do not have a low flush toilet, put a bottle of water in the tank to reduce water waste.

USE Clotheslines

Water garden early before sun gets high and increases evaporation

BIKE everywhere local. Carpool on road trips. Use public buses and trains.

Grow hemp for industrial uses. Hemp is the worlds miracle life crop. Everything from oils to fiber use can replace hundreds of store purchases.

REUSE FABRICS:

Socks with holes in them or missing their mate make great dust cloths (slip them over your hand and dust away), or use them as dish cloths, or to wash the car, or store stuff in them (game pieces, marbles – you’ll come up with all kinds of other things), again slip them over  your hand to clean window blinds or shutters

http://hubpages.com/hub/30-Uses-For-Old-Socksm

http://www.ehow.com/how_4588136_new-uses-old-socks.html

http://frugal.families.com/blog/new-uses-for-old-socks

Type uses for old socks in any search engine and see what other ideas people have come up with.

REUSE PACKING MATERIALS:
One-third of all packaging is thrown away immediately after the package is opened. Try to think about ways you can reuse these materials.

Packing peanuts can be used to fill the bottom portion of outdoor pots and planters, saving on the amount of soil you need to use to fill the container.

Cardboard has many uses – lay a large piece of cardboard on the garage floor in a place that will catch drips or leaks from the engine or other parts of the car.

Cardboard can be made into furniture (type “making furniture from cardboard” into any Internet search engine). Here’s just one list:
1.    Burn barrel starter material.
2.    Garage floor covering for oil spills.
3.    Packing material for shipping your friends presents.
4.    Makeshift dust pans for large floor junk in the garage.
5.    Storm window coverings.
6.    Broken car window replacements.
7.    Coloring material for the kids.
8.    Project material for the kids and their friends and their friends…
9.    Backing for paper note pads.
10.   Garage notes for measuring, drawing or figuring something so you don’t have to back into the house to find a note pad and pencil.
11.   To use for your outside burn barrel cover, to set on the grass so the hot lid won’t burn the grass.
12.   Patterns for things.
13.   Garage trash holders.
14.   Use extra 123’s to hold your movies in,
15.   Use them for bookshelves or CD holders.
16.   Sock drawer separator walls.
17.   Placemats for the table when kids are doing home projects.
18.   Fan to restart your burn barrel fire.
19.   Computer mouse pads.
20.   Wind protector for the beach.
21.   Cut & line with foil and create a sun tan shield for your face.
22.   Inside cupboard lining.
23.   Silverware drawer separators.
24.   Mudroom flooring.
25.   Recycle.
26.   Kids play houses.
27.   Play houses for your cats.
28.   Tear up for a compost pile or a worm bed.
29.   Donate to a local cardboard drive
And there are many more…

SPENDING

Shop with Cash/debit Card to avoid Credit Debt

Use Coupons (find your local double coupon store)

Buy Clearance (if you must buy processed food like Yogurt/Cottage Cheese then look for a store that has a clearance section)

Shop Thrift

Shop Dollar Stores

Net 10 Has .10 cents/min.  pre paid. $1 FCC fee for total $16/mo. for 150 minutes! Boost Mobile has unlimited cell plan for $25 plus $10 fees a month. Add Skype mobile unlimited for $3 a month on a separate smart phone for WiFi use.

Don’t support the insurance and bio-med giants! (car insurance is mandatory by law so try to bike as much as possible and have the lowest priced policy possible. If everyone did this, the prices would drop and a lot of the corruption would be solved.) Use organic medicine!

Don’t finance! If you can not afford something up front with cash, do not get it!

BUY GOLD/SILVER

Keep spending cash in a 5% wachovia account ($100 max each month plus $1 per card use is transfered) This account will not be available after 2011!

BARTER as much as possible

MAKE your own items and make enough to use for barter!

FOOD

GROW YOUR OWN

Use a Solar Dehydrator to dry meet and fruits/veggies (cheap to build)

Cook from Organic ingredients

Support Organic Farmers Food Stands and Market gatherings

DRINK Water (you do not need Sodas etc.) Wine and Beers are for special occasions

Extract Fresh Juices from your fruit if you want fruit juice

Shop Bakery Outlets (grains are 75% lower priced then WalMart)

STOP buying fake food (each purchase is a vote to support Monsanto and outrageous food prices)

Cook in Cast Iron (Teflon flakes rub off into food and cause health problems)

Avoid Microwaves (this is a leading cause of cancer) Avoid warming in Plastic containers. The government sold out to GE and refused to accept the studies showing radioactive waves being infused with food made food high in cancer causing agents.

Store Fish by Rinsing with Lemon Juice and keeping on ice or curing

Cure and Dehydrate Fish and Meats

Freeze Berries w/out rinsing

Blanche Veggies before Freezing (put into boiling water then dip in cold water)

Eat the top 10 items listed on my Health Food Blog daily to avoid being sick.

GENERAL

Teach your children the right choices for the future of the Earth and generations to come

Keep a Price Book (record increases so you will be inspired to protest)

Use Cloth (Napkins, towels etc.)

Avoid Single use, Styrofoam/Plastic items.

Wash in Cold Water

Trade Clothing with Neighbors to limit buying new

Store Paint Cans upside down to keep a tight seal

HOME REMEDIES

Use kitty litter and grind with a brick to remove oil stains on cement

50/50 water and white vinegar helps nail polish last 2x longer

FACTS:

According to the Aluminum Association, Americans throw away enough aluminum every three months to rebuild the commercial air fleet. The only use I accept for foil is for survival. It’s ability to take up little space but expand for large scale use, puts it at the top of the survival list with duct tape. It can form a solar funnel for heating, cooking, fire starting and many other life saving uses.


Corporations spent $121 million in 2009-2010 to flood D.C. with lobbyists to kill the climate legislation. And to keep things interesting in the 2010 election cycles, the oil side of the business spent $19,588,091 on the U.S. political process. And the coal side of things spent $10,423,347.

2011, Interior Secretary Ken Salazar announced that they’d be opening up big tracts of public land for coal mining.

Peabody Energy and Arch Coal are racing to build coal export terminals on the Washington coast to export the dirty black rock to Asian markets. The Dept. of Interior just green lighted these port expansions by opening up the Powder River Basin coal tracts.

 

Increasing climate mayhem, irrigation running dry in some countries (the World Bank says 175 million people in India are being fed with grain grown by overpumping aquifers), erosion and desertification in some oth­ers, corn being used for fuel, yields-per-acre having levelled off in the advanced countries, phosphorus for fertilizer getting scarce, 80 million more mouths to feed every year and a couple of billion more in Asia moving up to the Western-style banquet table: all this doesn’t add up.

 

Packaging
One-third of all packaging is thrown away immediately after the package is opened. Try to think about ways you can reuse these materials.
 

  • Packing peanuts can be used to fill the bottom portion of outdoor pots and planters, saving on the amount of soil you need to use to fill the container.
  • Cardboard has many uses – lay a large piece of cardboard on the garage floor in a place that will catch drips or leaks from the engine or other parts of the car.

Cardboard can be made into furniture (type “making furniture from cardboard” into any Internet search engine). Here’s just one list:
1.    Burn barrel starter material.
2.    Garage floor covering for oil spills.
3.    Packing material for shipping your friends presents.
4.    Makeshift dust pans for large floor junk in the garage.
5.    Storm window coverings.
6.    Broken car window replacements.
7.    Coloring material for the kids.
8.    Project material for the kids and their friends and their friends…
9.    Backing for paper note pads.
10.   Garage notes for measuring, drawing or figuring something so you don’t have to back into the house to find a note pad and pencil.
11.   To use for your outside burn barrel cover, to set on the grass so the hot lid won’t burn the grass.
12.   Patterns for things.
13.   Garage trash holders.
14.   Use extra 123’s to hold your movies in,
15.   Use them for bookshelves or CD holders.
16.   Sock drawer separator walls.
17.   Placemats for the table when kids are doing home projects.
18.   Fan to restart your burn barrel fire.
19.   Computer mouse pads.
20.   Wind protector for the beach.
21.   Cut & line with foil and create a sun tan shield for your face.
22.   Inside cupboard lining.
23.   Silverware drawer separators.
24.   Mudroom flooring.
25.   Recycle.
26.   Kids play houses.
27.   Play houses for your cats.
28.   Tear up for a compost pile or a worm bed.
29.   Donate to a local cardboard drive
And there are many more…